You can locate your thyroid gland in the front area of your windpipe. The thyroid hormone controls the growth and metabolism of essentially every body part and the thyroid gland releases this hormone. The thyroid gland gets the signal to release this hormone from the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). The pituitary, a tiny gland in the middle of your head, releases this hormone. It often happens that the thyroid gland is unable to release more thyroid hormone even if the TSH levels increase. This is called primary hypothyroidism. In some other cases, the thyroid does not get the signal to increase thyroid hormone levels as there is a decrease in the TSH levels. This is called secondary hypothyroidism. The meaning of hypothyroidism is ‘low thyroid. We will mention here 10 signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism. You should consult the best doctor in Uttarpara if you have any of these signs and symptoms.
1. Feeling Tired
You will feel tired if you have hypothyroidism. Thyroid hormone can influence whether you feel energized or tired as it controls energy balance.
2. Gaining Weight
Another common symptom of hypothyroidism is an unexpected weight gain. There is switching between the modes of metabolism when thyroid levels are low. The amount of energy you use at rest, or basal metabolism rate, decreases instead of burning calories for growth and activity. There is a tendency of your body to store more calories from the body as fat due to this.
3. Feeling Cold
When your body burns calories, heat is generated. Your basal metabolic rate decreases in cases of hypothyroidism. This reduces the amount of heat you generate. That is why you feel colder than others around you if there are low levels of thyroid hormone in your body.
4. Weakness and Aches in Muscles and Joints
The metabolic switch flips towards catabolism if there is low thyroid hormone. In this situation, the body breaks down body tissues like muscle for energy. Muscle strength decreases due to catabolism and this potentially leads to feelings of weakness. There can also be aching because of the process of breaking down muscle tissue.
5. Hair Loss
The thyroid hormone regulates the hair follicles. Hair follicles are more sensitive to low thyroid levels than other tissues as these follicles have stem cells that have a short lifespan and rapid turnover. Hair follicles stop regenerating because of low thyroid hormone and this leads to hair loss.
6. Itchy and Dry Skin
Skin cells have rapid turnover just like hair follicles. Therefore, the losing growth signals from the thyroid gland easily affect the skin cells. The skin may take longer to regrow when the normal cycle of skin renewal is broken. This can lead to flaky, dry skin as the dead skin may take longer to shed. Do not neglect this if you see this and consult a specialist doctor at the doctor clinic in Hooghly.
7. Feeling Down or Depressed
There is a link between hypothyroidism and depression. It may be a mental symptom of an overall decrease in energy and health.
8. Trouble Concentrating or Remembering
There are cases of mental fogginess in many patients with hypothyroidism and they also have trouble concentrating. If there are sudden or severe cases of difficulties in memory or concentration, they can be a signal of hypothyroidism.
There can be problems in your colon because of low thyroid levels. It has been seen in studies that 17% of people with low thyroid hormone have constipation problems.
10.Heavy or Irregular Periods
Hypothyroidism has a connection with both irregular and heavy menstrual bleeding. In a study, it has been found that almost 40% of women with low thyroid hormone have experiences of increasing menstrual irregularity or heavy bleeding.