A network of glands that produces and releases different hormones falls under the endocrine system. These hormones play a major role in the control of different body functions, which include the ability of the body to change calories into energy that works behind the functioning of cells and organs. There is a vital role of the endocrine system in whether or not you develop diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction and various other hormone-related disorders. There are expert doctors in the doctor clinic in Hooghly, who treat problems of the endocrine system.
Glands of the Endocrine System
The release of specific hormones into your bloodstream is from each gland of the endocrine system. Through your blood, these hormones travel to other cells and help in controlling or coordinating a number of processes in the body. The following are some of the endocrine glands:
- Adrenal glands: The hormone cortisol releases from these two glands sitting on top of the kidneys.
- Hypothalamus: The pituitary gland gets instruction from this part of the lower middle brain about the time of releasing hormones.
- Ovaries: The release of eggs and the production of sex hormones are from the female reproductive organs.
- Islet cells in the pancreas: The control of the release of the insulin and glucagon hormones is by these cells in the pancreas.
- Parathyroid: A role in bone development is played by four tiny glands in the neck.
- Pineal gland: There is a link between sleep patterns and this gland near the centre of the brain.
- Pituitary gland: The position of this gland is at the base of the brain behind the sinuses. As it influences many other glands, especially the thyroid, it is often called the ’master gland’. There can be effects on bone growth, a woman’s menstrual cycles and the release of breast milk if there are problems with the pituitary gland.
- Testes: The production of sperm and sex hormones is by the male reproductive glands.
- Thymus: The development of the body’s immune system early in life gets help from this gland in the upper chest.
- Thyroid: The control of metabolism is controlled by a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck.
There can be an endocrine disorder or endocrine disease if there is a problem in one or more of these glands as this can cause a disturbance in the balance of hormones.
Causes of Endocrine Disorders
You should consult the best doctor in Uttarpara if you have an endocrine disorder. These disorders can happen when there is the production of too much or too little of an endocrine hormone, called a hormonal imbalance. It can also happen if nodules or tumours develop in the endocrine system. It may or may not affect hormone levels.
The causes of increased or decreased levels of endocrine hormone include:
- The endocrine feedback system has a problem.
- There is any disease.
- If there is a problem in hormone release because of the failure of a gland to stimulate the hormone-releasing gland.
- There is a genetic disorder.
- There is an infection.
- There is an injury to an endocrine gland.
- There is a tumour in an endocrine gland.
Adrenal insufficiency, Cushing’s disease, gigantism, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism, multiple endocrine neoplasia I and II, polycystic ovary syndrome and precocious puberty are some of the endocrine disorders