The term ‘Cancer’ is enough to frighten anyone. If someone has cancer, the mental state of the near and dear ones also become very sad. They begin to think that he/she is in this world only for a few days more. However, that is not always true. If there is early detection of cancer and the patient receive proper treatment, he/she can get completely cured. Here we will discuss some tests that help in detecting cancer. You can go to many diagnostic centres in Uttarpara for these tests.
The procedure of removing tissue or cells from the patient’s body for examining under a microscope is a biopsy. The use of anaesthesia helps to numb the area during a biopsy. The doctor can know whether a tumour is malignant from the biopsy result. The following are some types of biopsy:
• Excisional biopsy: The pathologist removes the suspicious part during this type. If there are suspicious changes on the skin, this procedure comes in use.
• Shave biopsy: There is the removal of tissue from the skin with the help of a sharp tool in this type at a pathology lab in Uttarpara.
• Punch biopsy: Into the skin, the pathologist of inserts a circular sharp tool during this procedure and takes a sample from the inner portion of the skin.
• Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy: There are both solid and liquid parts in the bone marrow. The pathologist takes a sample of the liquid part through bone marrow aspiration and he/she uses a needle to collect the solid tissue sample in bone marrow biopsy. These help to detect blood cancer.
• Fine needle aspiration biopsy: The use of a very thin, hollow needle attached to a syringe is common in this minimally invasive procedure to collect a tissue sample from the suspected area for testing.
• Core needle biopsy: The pathologist uses a larger needle as there is the need to remove a larger tissue sample in this procedure, which is also minimally invasive.
• Liquid biopsy: The pathologist tests a blood sample for cancer in this minimally invasive procedure.
A process of testing for cervical cancer for women is a Pap smear, also known as the Pap test. The doctor collects cells from the cervix for testing at a medical laboratory in Uttarpara. It helps in the early detection of cervical cancer. If a woman is of 21 years or more, she should undergo this test. It does not take much time and is not a complex one. A woman lies down on her back and the doctor holds apart the walls of the vagina with the help of an instrument known as a speculum. This helps in having a clear view of the cervix. The doctor then uses a spatula and a soft brush to collect samples of the cervical cells. The woman will normally feel no pain during the procedure.