The conditions that affect the urinary system and the male reproductive system are known as urologic problems or diseases. The urinary system deals with the production of urine. The kidneys, bladder, ureter, sphincter muscles and the urethra are different parts of the urinary system in men and women. The urethra in a woman is shorter than that in a man. The different parts of a male reproductive system are the penis, scrotum, bladder, urethra, prostate, vas deferens, testicle and epididymis.
Urology problems develop due to different factors. The diagnostic tests that help the doctor to know the exact cause are available at a medical laboratory in Uttarpara.
Obstruction: Stones that develop in the kidney can block the urine flow to the bladder. The vas deferens and the prostate are some other parts where obstruction can happen.
Infection: In both men and women, infections including UTI (urinary tract infection) can happen. Through the anus, harmful microorganisms get into the body and then they attack the urethra. This makes urinating painful.
Lifestyle factors: Chronic kidney disease can happen due to diabetes and high blood pressure, two side-effects of obesity.
Heredity: An inherited disorder is polycystic kidney disease. In this condition, fluid-filled sacs form in the kidney.
Medications: There can be excessive production of urine due to certain medications including diuretics. This leads to urinary incontinence or excessive urination. There can be damage to the kidneys from some drugs.
Food: Alcohol and caffeine can cause different urology problems.
Physiological: Poor or low sperm production, hormonal imbalances and ejaculation issues often lead to male infertility.
As per the opinion of a specialist at a doctor clinic in Hooghly, there are different types of urology problems. Some of them are:
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
An enlarged prostate is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In older men, BPH is very common. There is no direct connection of it to prostate cancer. The pressure of the enlarged prostate on the urethra causes the symptoms of BPH. There may be a frequent urge to urinate in men with BPH.
Losing control of your bladder is called urinary incontinence. As a result of this, there is a leakage of urine. It can happen due to several factors including:
- Overactive bladder
- Enlarged prostate
- Weak bladder muscles
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
Pathogenic bacteria or viruses often invade the urinary tract. This is when UTIs happen. Both men and women can suffer from these. The symptoms of a UTI include a frequent urge to urinate and a burning sensation while urinating.
You need to undergo proper treatment if you want complete relief from these problems. The doctors normally suggest different diagnostic tests before treatment. In a pathology lab in Hooghly, there are expert pathologists and modern equipment for these tests.